1.1 Chapter Objectives
1. Overview of Ethics
- Ethics is not simply a matter knowing the ethical theories. More important, it is about doing the right things in practical life. As a practical matter, ethics is about how we meet the challenge of doing the right thing. A new and more specific code of ethics must be developed to meet the demands of social development and social services in the contemporary developing world.
There are two important aspects to understand ethical concept:First, ethics refers to well based standards of right and wrong that prescribe what humans ought to do, usually in terms of rights, obligations, benefits to society, fairness, or specific virtues. And, ethical standards include standards relating to rights, such as the right to life, the right to freedom from injury, and the right to privacy. Such standards are adequate standards of ethics because they are supported by consistent and well founded reasons.Secondly, ethics refers to the study and development of one's ethical standards. As mentioned above, feelings, laws, and social norms can deviate from what is ethical. So it is necessary to constantly examine one's standards to ensure that they are reasonable and well-founded. Ethics also means, then, the continuous effort of studying our own moral beliefs and our moral conduct, and striving to ensure that we, and the institutions we help to shape, live up to standards that are reasonable and solidly-based.
- Chapter Objectives: At the end of the chapter, students will be able to:
Describe some ethical theories that may be used to guide ethical decision-making
Discuss how ethics relates to commitments to personal excellence
• Finally, Ethics commonly refers to professional behavior
- All human actions are motivated by selfish desires
- The only thing anyone is capable of desiring as an end in itself is his own self interest
- People always act in their self-interest;
- people are always motivated by desire to satisfy what they perceive to be their own self-interest
Insight-full question: Being ethical man what should he do? My key answer: Being ethical man he should choose the right things to do and do what the law requires and accepts.